A Vindication of the Rights of WomanMany consider Mary Wollstonecraft 's Vindication of the Rights of Woman to be the source of the reformers' long-running campaign for feminist inclusion and the origin of the Women's Suffrage movement. Harriet Taylor was a significant influence on John Stuart Mill 's work and ideas, reinforcing Mill's advocacy of women's rights.
Religious Sources of Reform A. Second Great Awakening--religious revivals among Protestants. Arminian, rather than Calvinist. Salvation was a matter of choice 2. Focus on Second Coming of Christ.
Need for reform of society to hasten the new Kingdom of God. Biggest impact among women. Evangelical mission to accomplish gave women more status, purpose. Frontier revivals featured emotional appeals and provided social meetings for settlers B.
New religious groups formed as instruments of reform 1. Utopian societies created in reaction to urban growth and industrialization. Emphasis on community and withdrawal from society 2. Abolished families, practiced celibacy, full equality between sexes.
Mormons--Organized by Joseph Smith in as a cooperative theocracy with himself as the Prophet. Because of persecution, Smith and his followers moved from New York to Ohio to Missouri to Illinois, where he was murdered.
Succeeded by Brigham Young, who led migration to Utah. Non-Religious Utopian Communities A. Socialist center founded by Robert Owen to be self-sufficient and existing without currency. Failed after several years. Transcendentalist in orientation, rejecting society's standards and Enlightenment thought, emphasizing individualism and the mysteries of nature.
Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville.
Temperance--religious basis in violation of the Sabbath. Movement moved from moderation to abstinence to prohibition in its goals.
Led by women but supported by factory owners who had massive absenteeism on Mondays. Education--compulsory education in every state by Led by Horace Mann, who secularized the curriculum and made it more practical to train citizens. Women's Rights--women were considered so inferior to men that they were not allowed to obtain higher education, vote, or control their own property 1.
Grimke sisters began with abolitionism, then turned to attacking the subordinate position of women. Similarities to position of slaves noted.
Seneca Falls Statement --statement of women's mistreatment by men.In the early part of the 19th century, over , people joined the Utopian movements to live in separate 'communities'. List of Major Utopian Movements in American History Search the site GO.
Video: Reform Movements of the 19th Century. Quiz & Worksheet - 19th Century Reform Movements in the US Quiz; Course; Jacksonian America: Bank .
If the Education Reform of the 19th had never happen, I think that a similar reform would happen eventually. Education is not, and never has been, something to take lightly.
Had this movement not take place, I think that a very similar reform would happen in the near future. The Progressive Movement was an effort to cure many of the ills of American society that had developed during the great spurt of industrial growth in the last quarter of the 19th century.
The frontier had been tamed, great cities and businesses developed, and an overseas empire established, but not all citizens shared in the new wealth, prestige, and optimism.
A reform movement is a type of social movement that aims to bring a social or political system closer to the community's ideal. American labor movement – The campaign against excessive hours of work (and for the eight-hour day) was a central issue for the labor movement during the 19th century.
Start studying 19th Century Reform Movements. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Achievements - Formation of "The Society for the Abolishment of slavery" in england Reform Movements of the 19th Century.
56 terms. Social Reforms. 53 terms.